There are lots of products required in the industry production. First is crusher. All rock crushers can be classified as falling into two main groups. Compressive crushers that press the material until it breaks, and impact crushers using the principle of quick impacts to crush the material. Jaw crushers, gyratory crushers, and cone operate according to the compression principle.
Impact crushers, in turn, utilize the impact principle. Jaw crushers are mainly used as primary crushers. Their main purpose is to reduce the material to a small enough size that it can be transported by conveyors to the next crushing stages. Gyratory crushers have an oscillating shaft. The material is reduced in a crushing cavity, between an external fixed element (bowl liner) and an internal moving element (mantle) mounted on the oscillating shaft assembly. Cone crushers resemble gyratory crushers from technological standpoint, but unlike gyratory crushers, cone crushers are popular in secondary, tertiary, and quaternary crushing stages. Sometimes, however, the grain size of the processed material is small enough by nature and the traditional primary crushing stage is not needed. In these cases, also cone crushers can carry out the first stage of the crushing process.
Ball mill is also a kind of machine for crushing. When most people think of milling machines, they envision a vertically oriented machine that contains rotary cutters. Traditional milling machines such as this are used extensively in the manufacturing industry to reshape workpieces. However, there are many other types of milling machines, one of which is a ball mill. A ball mill is a type grinding machine that uses balls to grind and remove material. It consists of a hollow compartment that rotates along a horizontal or vertical axis. It’s called a “ball mill” because it’s literally filled with balls. Materials are added to the ball mill, at which point the balls knock around inside the mill.
Another useful tool is spiral classifier. A Spiral Classifier is a machine that is primarily used to classify the slimes (fines) from a coarser, sandy sized material. It has an inclined trough with one or two spirals revolving slowly and free from touching the sides or bottom of the tank. The motion of the spiral creates Pool Hindered Settling in the bottom pool area, where the agitation of the water hinder the fines from settling to the bottom, but the coarser particles do settle and are carried up the slope by the revolving spiral, to the discharge, located at the top of the classifier. Then gravity flow or pumps are used to move the coarse material to the next stage in the process, the fines overflow from the pool area. The pool area normally has an adjustable wier, which will determine the amount of time material is in the pool area, and subsequently the coarseness of the discharge from the pool area, with a shorter residence time the coarser the discharge, along with the fines. Therefore, some control of the classification size can be accomplished by adjusting the weir height up or down, to give more of less residence time in the pool area.
Except that, industrial flotation machines are also widely used, which can be divided into four classes: mechanical, pneumatic, froth separation, and column. The mechanical machine is clearly the most common type of flotation machine in industrial use today, followed by the rapid growth of the column machine. Mechanical machines consist of a mechanically driven impeller, which disperses air into the agitated pulp. In normal practice, this machine appears as a vessel having a number of impellers in series. Mechanical machines can have open flow of pulp between each impeller or are of cell-to-cell designs which have weirs between each impeller. The procedure by which air is introduced into a mechanical machine falls into two broad categories: self-aerating, where the machine uses the depression created by the impeller to induce air, and supercharged, where air is generated from an external blower. The incoming slurry feed to the mechanical flotation machine is introduced usually in the lower portion of the machine.Figure 7 shows a typical industrial flotation cell of each air delivery type.
Also, mixing barrel is indispensable. The mixing barrel holds up to different gallons of material with different size. The barrel can be used to mix self-leveling material or other large quantities of construction materials. Its equipped with handles on each side to lift and pour the mixed material onto the surface.
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